PREFEITURA MUNICIPAL DE JOÃO PESSOA SECRETARIA DE EDUCAÇÃO E CULTURA E.M.E.F. NAZINHA BARBOSA (POLO VI) PROJETO SOCYETY “ PORTUGUES NA PARAIBA” João Pessoa 2014 GILDÁSIO RODRIGUES TEIXEIRA PROJETO SOCYETY “PORTUGUES NA PARAIBA” Projeto elaborado com o intuito de estimular uma consciência maior sobre o significo do “PORTUGUES NA PARAIBA ” e sobre a SUA CULTURA.. 1-IDENTIFICAÇÃO DO PROJETO 1. TÍTULO : PROJETO SOCYETY “PORTUGUES NA PARAIBA” 2. 3. AUTORES DO PROJETO Prof. Esp. Gildásio Rodrigues Teixeira   4. JUSTIFICATIVA Sabendo que DEVEMOS ESTUDAR AS CIVILIZAÇÕES QUE POVOARAM A PARAIBA e que as pessoas tem que conhecer .   5. OBJETIVOS a) Geral:  Capacitar nossos estudantes para que se tornem GUIAS TURISTICOS. . b) Específicos:  Desenvolver uma compreensão ampla sobre A HISTÓRIA E A GEOGRAFIA DA PARAIBA.; 6. METODOLOGIA O projeto ora apresentado parte, inicialmente, dentro de uma perspectiva de uma pesquisa-ação, isto é, não tem apenas a pretensão de observar e analisar, mas também de intervir causando um desenvolvimento das relações de todos os envolvidos com a educação ... 7. 8. PRODUTO FINAL 9. O produto final esperado é a conclusão com êxito as palestras da educação e GEORAFIA DA PARAIBA. . 10. REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS Paraíba From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia State of Paraíba State Flag Coat of arms Location of State of Paraíba in Brazil Coordinates: 7°10′S 36°50′WCoordinates: 7°10′S 36°50′W Country Brazil Capital and Largest City João Pessoa Government • Governor Ricardo Coutinho • Vice Governor Rômulo Gouveia Area • Total 56,584.6 km2(21,847.4 sq mi) Area rank 21st Population (2012)[1] • Total 3,815,171 • Rank 13th • Density 67/km2 (170/sq mi) • Density rank 8th Demonym Paraibano GDP • Year 2006 estimate • Total R$ 19,953,000,000 (19th) • Per capita R$ 5,507 (24th) HDI • Year 2005 • Category 0.718 – medium (24th) Time zone BRT (UTC-3) Postal Code 58000-000 to 58990-000 ISO 3166 code BR-PB Website pb.gov.br Paraíba (Tupi: pa'ra a'íba: "bad for navigation"; Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation: [paɾaˈiba]) is astate of Brazil. It is located in the Brazilian Northeast, and it is bordered by Rio Grande do Norte to the north, Ceará to the west, Pernambuco to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Paraíba is the third most densely populated state of the Northeast; João Pessoa, the sea-bordered state capital, andCampina Grande, in the interior, rank among the fifteen-largest municipalities in the Northeast of Brazil. Paraíba is most populated along the Atlantic coast, which extends as far as Ponta do Seixas, the easternmost point of the Americas. The state is a touristic and industrial hotspot; it is known for its cultural heritage, amenable climate and geographical features, ranging from the seaside beaches to theBorborema Plateau. It is named after the Paraíba river. Some of the most notable Brazilian writers and poets are from Paraíba like Augusto dos Anjos, José Américo de Almeida, José Lins do Rego and Pedro Américo, the last being also known for his historical paintings. Contents [hide] • 1 History • 2 Geology • 3 Demographics • 4 Statistics • 5 Economy • 6 Education o 6.1 Educational institutions • 7 Culture o 7.1 Festa Junina (Saint John Festival) o 7.2 Carnival • 8 Infrastructure o 8.1 International Airport o 8.2 National Airport • 9 Highways • 10 Flag • 11 Main towns • 12 See also • 13 References • 14 Important Figures and Celebrities • 15 External links History[edit] This section requires expansion.(January 2014) In the mid-16th century, Portuguese settlers from Pernambuco founded Filipéia de Nossa Senhora das Neves (today João Pessoa) at the mouth of the Paraíba do Norte River. The area soon proved perfect for sugar production, with the French, the Dutch and the Portuguese all constantly fighting to control the Paraíba region to grow the lucrative sugarcane in. The fortress of Santa Catarina, near João Pessoa, was built to protect the city from the Dutch, who soon became a threat to Portuguese supremacy in Brazil. Geology[edit] In late 1989 a team led by gemstone prospector Heitor Dimas Barbosa uncovered in a small mountain range what some consider to be the finesttourmaline crystals ever found. A trace of copper gives the tourmalines a vivid turquoise color that had never been seen before in the gems, and is sometimes referred to as "neon". The "neon" paraiba tourmaline, a vivid blue and blue green, has also been found in other deposits close to the Batalha mine of Barbosa, and also in the neighboring state of Rio Grande do Norte. The bright colors of this tourmaline are due to the presence of copper. Around 2000, a similar copper-containing tourmaline was found in Nigeria, although the colors are not as intense. Around 2005, beautiful crystals of copper-containing tourmaline were found in Mozambique. Initially, the nomenclature for this tourmaline was "Paraíba tourmaline". Note the capitalization and the accent on the "i". In 2006, the LMHC (Laboratory Manual Harmonization Committee) agreed that "paraiba" should refer to a variety of tourmaline, and not indicate a geographic origin. Note "paraiba" is not capitalized, and does not have an accent on the "i". For more information on paraiba tourmaline, see article on tourmaline. The term "paraiba tourmaline" may now refer to gems found in Brazil, Nigeria, and Mozambique that contain copper and have the characteristic blue-green color. View of Terreno José Leonel Lagoon of Umari, in Belém da Paraíba View of Pedra do Cordeiro Demographics[edit] According to the IBGE census as of 2010, there were 3,766,528 people residing in the state, with a population density of 66.7 inh./km². Other numbers include: Urbanization rate: 75.4% (2010), Population growth: 0.8% (1991–2000) and Houses: 987,000 (2006).[2][3] The 2010 census also revealed the following figures relating ethnicity: 1,986,619 Brown(Multiracial) people (52.7%), 1,499,253 White (39.8%), 212,968 Black (5.7%) and 67,636 (1.8%) people of Amerindian and Asian ancestry.[3] Among people of mixed ancestry the White, Amerindian and African altogether combination is the most prevalent one, followed by caboclo, mulato and zambo.[4] See also: Largest Cities of Northeast Region, Brazil Statistics[edit] • Vehicles: 432,337 (March/2007); • Mobile phones: 1.5 million (April/2007) • Telephones: 431 thousand (April/2007) • Cities: 223 (2007).[5] Economy[edit] Food industry in Belém da Paraíba The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 56.5%, followed by the industrial sector at 33.1%.Agriculture represents 10.4%, of GDP (2004). Paraíba exports: woven of cotton 36.3%, footweares 20.1%, sugarand alcohol 10.8%, fish and crustacean 9.7%, sisal 7%, cotton 6.6% (2002). Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.8% (2004).[6] The Paraíba economy is largely based upon the making of shoes and other leather products, the raising ofcattle for beef, and sugarcane, corn. Though historically sugarcane has dominated the Paraíba agriculturalsector, pineapple, corn, and beans cultivation are also widespread. The other important economical sector in the state is tourism, especially the state urban and unspoilt beaches, ecoturism and festivals such as "carnaval" and "São João." Education[edit] Law school of the State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande campus. Portuguese is the official and only language spoken in the state and thus the primary language taught in schools. Minor dialectal differences regarding other Brazilian varieties are mainly phonological (Northeastern accent). English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. Educational institutions[edit] • Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB) (Federal University of Paraíba); • Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG) (Federal University of Campina Grande) • Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB) (State University of Paraíba); • UNIPÊ (Centro Universitário de João Pessoa); • Instituto de Educação Superior da Paraíba (IESP); • Faculdade Maurício de Nassau (FMN) (Maurício de Nassau College); • Instituto Federal de Educação Tecnológica (IFPB) (Federal Institute of Technology of Paraiba); • and many others. Culture[edit] Festa Junina (Saint John Festival)[edit] Fireworks in Saint John Festival Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated asMidsummer Day in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Differently, of course, from what happens on the European Midsummer Day, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solstice but during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there arebonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets (step names are in French, which shows the mutual influences between court life and peasant culture in the 17th, 18th, and 19th-century Europe). Once exclusively a rural festival, today in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of jokes and good times. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costume-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing), such as what happens on Midsummer and St John's Day in Europe,and bonfires are a central part of these festivities in Brazil. Carnival[edit] The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets. Infrastructure[edit] International Airport[edit] Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport (JPA) Located in the municipality of Bayeux, eight kilometers from downtown João Pessoa, Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport is currently undergoing expansion and remodeling work, which will raise the terminal’s annual capacity to 860 thousand passengers. The airport is well located in relation to obstacles because it covers an area roughly 65 meters above sea level and is sufficiently distant from urban areas or large real estate developments. The surrounding area is sparsely populated, with large open spaces. The existing developments are industrial with some small weekend country houses. There is no rough terrain or tall buildings nearby creating obstacles for takeoffs and landings. The airport also is blessed with excellent climatic conditions for air operations. Moreover, within its approach radius there are no obstacles that can hinder or create risk for local air traffic. Named for a past president (former name for governors) of Paraíba, Castro Pinto, the airport operates round the clock. The current passenger terminal, built in an area of 8,947.72 square meters, has two levels, gardens and ample vehicle parking. It has all the expected amenities: arrival and departure lounges, a main concourse, check-in counters, baggage storage lockers, airline counters, snack bar/restaurant, touristinformation booth, car rental agencies, taxi service and private parking. National Airport[edit] Taxi in Campina Grande Located in the interior of the state of Paraíba, in the city of Campina Grande, João Suassuna Airport was remodeled in 2003, receiving a new terminal with capacity of 250 thousand passengers a year. The old building was demolished and on the site a new facility was built holding nine shops, the main concourse, arrival and departure lounges, VIP lounge, bathrooms, mezzanine and a diaper-changing area. The terminal area was increased to 2,500 square meters. The boarding area has 350 square meters and the parking lot has spaces for 180 cars. This expansion benefited the city both economically and from the standpoint of tourism. With the possibility for new flights, the air cargo movement will be able to grow, along with the number of tourists coming to attend the city’s famous São João Festival. A panel measuring 17 by 3.5 meters in the front of the building carries a poem by the Paraíban writer Ariano Suassuna, in homage to his father, for whom the airport is named. Three more artworks are on permanent display in the passenger terminal. Highways[edit] The BR-101 also the BR-230 are found in paraiba. Several other roads also cross the state composing the complex net which is present all across the country. Flag[edit] The word nego is Portuguese for "I deny", referring to the protests that erupted in the 1920s in Paraíba, supported by state governor João Pessoa Cavalcânti de Albuquerque, to the appointment of Júlio Prestes as the President of Brazil. João Pessoa joined the alliance for the overthrow of the federal government, which successfully conducted Getúlio Vargas to Presidency. The rebellion events eventually led to the murder of João Pessoa, although there is debate regarding the reasons of the murder, if personal, political or both. According to the official government site of the state of Paraíba, the red stands for the blood due to the assassination of João Pessoa; the black represents the mourning following the assassination. Main towns[edit] Bodocongó Church, in Campina Grande • João Pessoa, state capital • Campina Grande • Patos • Santa Rita • Sousa • Guarabira • Areia • Arara • Cajazeiras, Paraiba, Brasil See also[edit] Paraíba portal • Brazil • Ingá Stone (Undeciphered petroglyph in Ingá municipality) References[edit] 1. Jump up^ IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística 2. Jump up^ Source: PNAD. 3. ^ Jump up to:a b IBGE [email protected] – Paraíba>Retrieved: March 29, 2012. 4. Jump up^ :: Portal Paraíba :: Notícias, Fotos, Eventos, Turismo e muito mais 5. Jump up^ Source: IBGE. 6. Jump up^ List of Brazilian states by GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Paraíba, Brazil: IBGE. 2004. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. Important Figures and Celebrities[edit] Paraíba is home to some of the most noted Brazilian poets and writers such as Augusto dos Anjos (1884–1908), José Américo de Almeida (1887–1980), José Lins do Rego (1901–1957) and Pedro Américo (1843–1905) (mostly known for his historical paintings). 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